The New Moon and the Beginning of Each Month

For the Answers, please click on the Questions

Question 1:I was always taught that when Isaiah 66:23 states that, "from one new moon to another and from one Sabbath to another," it simply meant, from month to month and from week to week. Isn't this correct?

Answer: Historically among Sabbatarians, Isaiah 66:23 has been most useful in showing that the heavenly Father, Yahuah's true seventh-day Sabbath will continue to be kept Holy even in the New Earth by His faithful redeemed. With this said, the same specific rules that apply to the Sabbath must also apply to the true "full" New Moon as well, which is also mentioned in connection with the Sabbath, giving them both specific meaning. If the reference to the New Moon simply meant "monthly" or "from month to month" then the same would hold true for the Sabbath, which would make it's meaning dwindle to a mere "week to week," and lose its Sabbath importance. Isaiah is declaring that specific New Moon days, as well as seventh-day Sabbaths, will continue into eternity. In addition, He is clarifying that the seventh-day Sabbath's are defined according to their count from the New Moon and are not defined by the unbroken chains of weeks.

Article Link: Sabbaths, to be Numbered by the Lunar Measure - 1 Chronicles 23:30-32
Article Link: My People Have Forgotten How to Number Days - Jeremiah 2:32

Question 2:The "New Moon" is taken as the basis for the lunisolar calendar, from which the Sabbath comes after working six days. But the words "New Moon" are not found in Scripture until 1 Samuel 20 and it is not shown to be the basis of counting to Sabbath, a word which is found 36 times before 1 Samuel 20. It seems so unlike our heavenly Father to use something so insignificant as the "New Moon" appears to be, to declare His annual appointed Feasts and weekly seventh-day Sabbaths. Can you please explain?

Answer:The Hebrew word for "New Moon" in Strong's Concordance is chodesh:

#2320 - chodesh (kho'-desh); from OT: 2318; the new moon; by implication, a month: month (-ly), new moon.

You stated above that the word "New Moon" does not appear in Scripture until 1 Samuel 20, however it actually appears 91 times prior to 1 Samuel and approximately 300 times between Genesis and Revelation. Compare this number with the Sabbath only appearing 36 times prior to 1 Samuel and 150 times between Genesis and Revelation. There is no way around the importance that Yahuah placed on the New Moon, and its reckoning of time. Things are not always what they appear to be on the surface. Below are the Scriptures for the "New Moon" prior to 1 Samuel 20:

Some of these verses contain the word "new moon" more than once. Gen 7:11; Gen 8:4: Gen 8:5; Gen 8:13: Gen 8:14; Gen 29:14; Ex 12:2; Ex 12:3; Ex 12:6; Ex 12:18; Ex 13:4; Ex 13:5; Ex 16:1; Ex 19:1; Ex 23:15; Ex 34:18; Ex 40:2; Ex 40:17; Lev 16:29; Lev 23:5; Lev 23:6; Lev 23:24; Lev 23:27; Lev 23:32; Lev 23:34; Lev 23 :39; Lev 23 :41; Lev 25 :9; Lev 27 :6; Num 1 :1; Num 1 :18; Num 3 :15; Num 3 :22; Num 3 :28; Num 3 :34; Num 3 :39; Num 3 :40; Num 3 :43; Num 9 :1; Num 9 :3; Num 9 :5 ; Num 9 :11; Num 9 :22; Num 10 :11; Num 11 :20; Num 11 :21; Num 18 : 16; Num 20 :1; Num 26 :62; Num 28 :14; Num 28 :16; Num 28 :17; Num 29 :1; Num 29: 6; Num 29:7; Num 29:12; Num 33:3; Num 33:38; Deut 1:3; Deut 16:1; Deut 21:13; Josh 4:29; Josh 5:10.

Article Link: Scripture's Weight of Evidence

Question 3: What is the premise for establishing the full moon as as the New Moon, rather that the first visible crescent, the dark conjunction phase, or last visible crescent?

Answer:

  • The "night" of the Abrahamic Covenant was "DARK." This recorded "dark night" occurred 430 years prior to the Exodus, to the very day.
  • A prophetic solar eclipse occurred at noon on the day of the Crucifixion.
  • All ruling luminaries shine from east to west, across the whole sky.
  • He apportions the face of the "full moon" for set time.
  • The moon in heaven and the new earth regulates the fruit on the tree of life and the twelve gates.
  • Heaven's twelve whole pearl gates link to the rhythm of the twelve "full" New Moons.
  • The stone rejected, the pearl gates, and the "full" New Moon as one and the same, symbolize the Messiah.
  • The woman clothed with the sun, and moon under her feet and stars above her head, is the announcement of New Years Day.
  • Blow the "New Moon shofar" on the full moon, because it is the New Moon.
  • It is shown that the Hebrew word "chag" includes all feast days and not simply the pilgrim feasts.
  • The "Father of Lights" is represented only by luminaries with no shadow of a turning orbit.
  • The "full moon" is discovered to be metaphorically, both the start and the finish line for the faithful.
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Article Link: The Sun was Darkened from the Sixth to the Ninth Hour
Article Link: The Night was Dark 430 Years Prior to the Exodus

Question 4:If the months start with the "full" New Moon, wouldn't you sometimes get an 8 or 9 day week?

Answer:No, because according to Scripture, the work week was never longer than six days followed by a seventh-day Sabbath. Six days plus a Sabbath was the definition of a week or Sabbath complete. Anything short of this model is not a week according to Scripture. Depending on whether the month is a 29 or 30 days long, either the last seventh-day Sabbath is immediately followed by a New Moon Day or it is followed by a single work day, which is followed by a New Moon day.

Every time the "full" New Moon comes around, it refreshes the cycle of weeks. In other words the lunar cycle of weeks is broken by the New Moon every month, causing the count to start over. So, there are always four weeks in each lunar month that begin on the day following the "full" New Moon day. The New Moon day and the 30th day, known as translation day, belong to the year and month count and not to the week. Neither of these days are part of the Creator's week. But they are part of His month and year. Ezekiel 46:1 clarifies that according to the heavenly Father, there are three kinds of days and not just work days and Sabbaths.

"Thus says Yahuah Elohiym: "The gateway of the inner court that faces toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened." Ezekiel 46:1-2 NKJV

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Question 5:Is it ever possible to see the dark conjunction phase?

Answer:There is not just one, but two reasons why the "dark conjunction" lunar phase is not only dark but also never visible. The first reason is phase related, with the sun only shining on the moon's back side as viewed from earth. The half of the moon facing earth is therefore dark with an over abundance of light shining from the first rays of the morning sun all around it. The second reason the "conjunction" phase is never visible is position related. This dark lunar phase cannot be seen because it is between the earth and the sun at sunrise, and most often on separate latitudes from the sun. Both the phase and its position work together to insure consistency, thus it will never be visible. This is because each lunar phase is also bound by physical laws to its position in the heavens. Outside of latitude variation, each specific lunar phase consistently appears in its exact longitude position every time that specific phase comes around.

If the ancient Hebrew people were to look for the "dark conjunction" lunar phase as the "New Moon," they would have had to go out at sunrise and face the east looking for the moon. While the moon would not be visible, this could have too easily been confused with sun worship. The act of facing the sun at sunrise was considered an abomination to Yahuah. This is exactly opposite of what He taught through the ceremonies of the Sanctuary. At sunrise the priests were to face due west toward the Holy of Holies.

Question 6:When and where in the sky are we to look to observe the "full" New Moon?

Answer:Rules

  1. The moon must visibly appear full.
  2. The eastern and western horizons are the lines of demarcation.
  3. The moon is considered full on the night the sun sets in the west and the moon is anywhere from 12 degrees above the eastern horizon to 12 degrees below the eastern horizon at sunset.
  4. The moon in its fullness shines the whole night through, together with the stars. This one night alone, the moon is visible in the night sky longer than any other lunar phase.
  5. The surest sign confirming that New Moon day has commenced is the first appearance of both sun and moon on opposite horizons in the morning sky. The actual New Moon day must be the first morning that both the sun and the apparent full moon greet each other from their opposite horizons to demarcate that indeed the moon has crossed the path of opposition with the sun.
Article Link: Step by Step Instructions

Question 7:What is "translation" day? What does it mean and what do you do on it?

Answer:"Translation day" is simply the astronomical term for the 30th day of a lunar month. In other words, it is the day that occurs between the last Sabbath of the month and the "full" New Moon day.

There are some who teach that "translation day" is part of a two day New Moon that occurs approximately six times each year. They get this belief from 1 Samuel 20:1-42. However, after an in depth look into these verses it is revealed that there is a one day New Moon only, which has two meals that are placed as bookends preceding and following it, a palace tradition at the time of King Saul.
If the translation day were a day of rest, it would have been clarified in Scripture. Since it is not, it can safely be assumed that the translation day is a mere work day. It is an important day that belongs to the completion of both the month and the year. It has nothing whatever to do with the weeks and NEVER affects the count to each seventh-day Sabbath.

Article link: "Tomorrow is the New Moon" (1 Samuel 20:1-42)