The Creator's Lunisolar Calendar
For the Answers, please click on the Questions
Question 1: I have always believed that all calendars are basically the same, so why does it matter what calendar we keep.
Answer: It is well known among theologians that the Hebrews from the time of Moses to the time of Christ used the lunisolar calendar for their holy appointed feast days. Moses recorded both Genesis and Exodus, if there had been a discrepancy between the time keeping from Creation to his own time, he would have questioned Yahuah. Fifteen hundred years later, the Messiah, Yahushua, kept all the feasts and seventh-day Sabbaths according to the Torah recorded by Moses.
Another way to be certain that the calendar of Creation and the Exodus was the same as that of the cross of Calvary is that the New Year continued to begin in the spring, the month continued to commence with the "full" New Moon which set up all the dates, weeks and Sabbaths for each 29 or 30 day period. At the time of Christ this same system was still kept, as is evidenced in the twelve time centric criteria of the crucifixion. The modern Roman Gregorian calendar is not in harmony with the phases of the moon as defined by Scripture's lunisolar calendar.
Article Link: The Night was Dark 430 Years Prior to the Exodus
Question 2:Where in the Bible does it explain how the lunisolar calendar works? Just give me one verse that explains the calendar!
Answer:"Thus saith Yahuah; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened." Ezekiel 46:1
Thus saith Yahuah; the gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened." Ezekiel 46:1
From this verse the heavenly Father is declaring that there are three kinds of days that can never overlap according to His time system. Here are listed New Moon days, Sabbath days and regular work days. The description of the gate being open or closed would be similar to a traffic light with all three colors. When it is green, it cannot be either red or yellow. When it is red, it cannot be either yellow or green. When it is yellow, it cannot be either green or red.
In this way we discover that the current man made calendar that has been successfully promoted by Rome is out of harmony with the Scriptural model. Look at your own wall calendar to see for yourself that what NASA defines as the "New Moon" (which is not actually the New Moon) falls regularly on either the work days or the Sabbath of any given month. The same applies to the true "full" New Moon.
Notice that according to the criteria of the heavenly Father, and sealed with a, "thus saith Yahuah," the New Moon days and Sabbath days can never fall on mere work days. His holy appointed days are identified by an open gate, while the non-holy days are identified by a closed gate. Each day of the year, month and week are defined by this same method.
By default, Roman Gregorian calendation does not meet the heavenly Father's stated criteria, as every day of its year, months and weeks are defined by its unbroken-successive-weekly-cycle. Any calendar or time keeping system that follows this protocol will rotate throughout the lunar month and will never be in harmony with the heavens appointed time-system standard, as ordained by the Creator. This is because this man-made week causes its daily rotation to spin out of harmony with what our Creator has defined with the example of an "open and shut gate."
Article Link: The Creator's Calendar Units of Time
Question 3:As far as the days of the week are concerned, isn't the calendar that's on our walls today the same as what was hanging on the walls in Christ's day?
Answer:There is no Biblical or historical record about wall calendars among the Hebrews. It appears from Scripture that the Israelites were instructed to look to the heavens for their calendation.
According to Scripture, Yahuah prepared His calendar prior to creating Adam and Eve, by appointing the sun and moon and stars to rule (measure time) for signs (Sabbaths), seasons (appointed feasts according to the moon, which also includes the Sabbath Lev. 23:2-3), days and years during the fourth day of creation. All they had to do was to look up into the starry heavens for the conspicuous "full" New Moon. Their loving Creator left nothing to guess work, but placed in the heavens the sun, moon and stars for measuring time (Genesis 1:14).
Strong's Concordance Hebrew description of signs and seasons:
signs = # 226. owth; prob. from #225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (lit. or fig.), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.:- mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token. #225 uwth; a prim. root; prop. to come, i.e. (impl.) to assent :- consent.
seasons = #4150. mowed` or moed`, properly an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; specifically, a festival; conventional a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemnity, synagogue, (set) time (appointed).
What becomes apparent from the Hebrew definitions above in connection with the Scripture verses below, is that the seventh-day Sabbath is both a sign and a season. The implication of this is that the Sabbath, which punctuates the seven-day week of creation is, after all, reckoned by the sun, moon and stars, as specified in Genesis 1:14. In contrast there is no mention in all of Genesis or anywhere else in Scripture that the Sabbath is reckoned by an unbroken cycle of weeks that is wholly disconnected from the only rule of measuring time that is mentioned.
Notice it is the heavenly Father speaking, who says that He gave them the Sabbaths to be a sign.
"Moreover I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign (#226 owth) between them and Me, that they might know that I am Yahuah who sanctifies them. Yet the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they did not walk in My statutes; they despised My judgments, which, if a man does, he shall live by them; and they greatly defiled My Sabbaths. Ezekiel 20:12-13 NKJV
I am Yahuah your Elohiym: Walk in My statutes, keep My judgments, and do them; hallow My Sabbaths, and they will be a sign (#226 owth) between Me and you, that you may know that I am Yahuah your Elohiym.' Ezekiel 20:19-20 NKJV
They also who dwell in the farthest parts are afraid of Your signs (#226 owth); you make the outgoings of the morning and evening rejoice. Psalms 65:88 NKJV
Your enemies roar in the midst of Your meeting place; they set up their banners (counterfeit calendars with unbroken cycles of weeks) for signs (#226 owth). Psalms 74:4 NKJV
We do not see our signs (#226 owth); there is no longer any prophet; nor is there any among us who knows how long (time). Psalms 74:9 NKJV
Here am I and the children whom Yahuah has given me! We are for signs (#226 owth) and wonders in Israel from Yahuah of hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion (holy mountain of time). Isaiah 8:18 NKJV
"Do not learn the way of the Gentiles; do not be dismayed at the signs (#226 owth), of heaven (#8064 shamayim - revolving celestial bodies) for the Gentiles are dismayed at them. For the customs of the peoples are futile . . . Jeremiah 10:2-3 NKJV
Question 4:Isn't it impossible to tell when the start of the first day of the month is, just by using astronomical calculations?
Answer:Each lunar phase has a number value, beginning with New Moon day as #1. The Israelites did not always know in advance from one month to the next, if the current month would be 29 or 30 days in length. If the current month date was the 29th, and there was cloud cover, they could know with certainty that the following day was either the 30th day of the current month or the first day of a new month, referred to as New Moon day. So on occasion, they would keep the next day as if it were the New Moon day to make sure they did not desecrate a holy day. With Astronomical technology available to us today, we can make relatively accurate guesses in advance as to the length of future months. However, I personally believe that in Yahuah's providence He didn't want the Israelites planning out their year too far in advance, as He wanted them to depend upon Him for their future. What He desired was for them to look up often and be led by Him, in this way putting their calendation trust in Him.
Question 5:How can you prove that the week is related to the lunar month?
Answer:There is multiple evidence from Scripture, which illustrate that it's true and holy seventh-day Sabbath is indeed set by the New Moon.
Every place in Scripture where calendar dates can be applied to the seventh-day Sabbath, it is always on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, or 29th. It never falls on any other dates. This is not possible when using the Roman Gregorian calendar.
In the story of "Three Months in a Row, the Exodus, the Manna, and the Mountain," the heavenly Father re-clarifed to Israel His time system. It is revealed that in all three months, the seventh-day Sabbaths fall on exactly the same calendar dates (Exodus 12; 16; 19). At the end of Israel's forty year wilderness wondering the book of Joshua clarifies that the manna forever ceased on the day after the Sabbath. The day it ceased was the 16th of the lunar month, making Sabbath the 15th of the month. This final detail by Joshua sheds light on evidence that every month of every year for all forty years, the Sabbath was indeed only located by counting from the New Moon.
In addition, the six month length of time between the spring Feast of Unleavened Bread to the fall Feast of Tabernacles reveals that an unbroken cycle of successive weeks is not in harmony with Biblical calendation. This is because both the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Feast of Tabernacles always commence on a lunar seventh-day Sabbath and the 15th of the lunar month. To try to connect both feasts with an unbroken cycle of successive weeks, renders it broken within these six months, as it cannot fit the Biblical Criteria. But in fact, the successive week cycle is broken every month because the New Moon day exists, as it is neither a work day or a Sabbath.
These are just a few of the many evidences from Scripture, for an in-depth look at many more click here.Three Months in a Row
Article Link: Scripture's Weight of Evidence
Article Link: Sabbath's Consistent Monthly Dates
Question 6:The "unbroken chain of successive weeks" is independent of both the Gregorian calendar and the lunisolar calendar. Both the Roman Gregorian calendar and the lunisolar calendar number their days of the month without regard to the days of the week. Doesn't this prove that the weeks cannot possibly be connected in any way to the lunisolar calendar?
Answer:You are correct that the numbering of the days of the month has nothing to do with numbering for the days of the week with the Gregorian calendar. But this is not true of the Creator's lunisolar calendar. The numbering of the month's calendar dates are always connected to the numbering of the weeks. New Moon day is the 1st of the month. This it is then followed by four sets of weeks, each and every month. The first day of the first week is always the 2nd day of the month, which causes the first Sabbath to be on the 8th, and rendering all the seventh-day Sabbaths each month to be located on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th. It is this Scriptural evidence that unmasks the lie that unbroken cycles of successive weeks have continued since creation. The New Moon refreshes each new month by breaking the cycle of weeks. In other words the cycle of weeks is broken each and every month by the New Moon day, which the Bible defines as a third kind of day.Article Link: Passover to Tabernacles Calendar Challenge
Article Link: Sabbath's Consistent Monthly Dates
Question 7:What happens on a lunisolar calendar if you cannot see the moon?
Answer: Yahuah's people today need to follow the example of His people in earlier times when they used His calendar. While it is true that sometimes the pagan months were very long, the Hebrew months were never longer than 30 days and never shorter than 29 days. If no "full" New Moon was conspicuously visible the night of the 30th, because of cloud cover, the new month began the next day anyway.
Today, we live in the age of modern astronomy in which we can know the accurate Universal Time coordinates of the "full" New Moon in advance by over a hundred years. This provides no excuse for not utilizing these known time factors. However, it is always best to confirm each New Moon with a personal sighting. Also, the longer you study this the more tricks you discover for knowing when the next New Moon will be. So even without NASA or the USNO, one can be quite accurate.
Question 8:Is there any place in the book of Revelation that alludes to the lunisolar calendar being a factor in the last and final conflict on earth, before Christ returns for His faithful?
Answer:This is an excellent question, I am so glad you asked.
"And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars. Revelation 12:1 KJV
Each of the celestial terms given in Revelation 12:1 are describing visible lights in connection with the pure woman, His true church. All are reminiscent of the Genesis 1:14-18 Creation account. It is also significant that this verse depicts the moon under her feet because it signifies that the moon is "visible". Nothing can be illustrated if it is invisible, as in the conjunction moon. To be a beacon, the New Moon must be a light.
This woman pictured in Revelation 12 is descriptive of Yahuah's true and faithful people, as she is the constellation Virgo. This great wonder in heaven has been discovered to be announcing New Year's eve with the presentation of a "full" New Moon under Virgo's feet.
There is only one night per year in the spring when Virgo is standing upright when the moon appears under her feet. All of this occurs on the eastern horizon at sunset, when the full moon arises and shines all night from the east unto the west. It appears that she has twelve constellations on her head rather than simply twelve stars. As she, herself is also a constellation, the total number represented is 13.
It is because Virgo is fully clothed with the light of the sun, that we can know that the lunar phase under her feet is indeed the full moon, perfectly reflecting and representing the marvelous light of truth.
The sun, moon and stars work together as a faithful witness of the Creator's ordained lunisolar time-keeping system. The same time-system used prior to earth's creation and the same one to be perpetually follow in the earth made new (Isaiah 66:23). His faithful people will know without question who they worship, when they worship, and why they worship. There is only one deserving of worship-- He is the creator, the Redeemer/Savior and Deliverer. Each ministration He performs on mankind's behalf is tied to a time-centric holy appointed Feast day. His people will be in one accord with His laws and time system, and in unity with heaven itself and the unfallen worlds.
Question 9:Are there any examples that can be demonstrated in Scripture of three consecutive "lunar" months in a row? If there were three, it would blow the Gregorian calendar into oblivion, as that calendar can never produce three months in a row with identical dates.
Answer: Yes! In fact by the providence of the heavenly Father, there are three months in a row, demonstrated in Exodus 12, 16, and 19. He announced the time system to Moses in the First Month of Abib, and then delivered His people from Egypt by night on the 15th after sunset, when the Sabbath was over.
He faithfully fed the Israelites quail by night on the 15th of the Second Month after sunset, when the Sabbath was past. The next morning at sunrise on the 16th, he sent manna from heaven for six days and none on the seventh day - this made the 22nd a Sabbath. If the 22nd day of the month is a Sabbath, then so also is the 8th, 15th and 29th of each month/lunation.
In the Third Month the Israelites arrived at Mt. Sinai by night on the 15th of Sivan. Leviticus 23:15-22 gives us the answer that defines what day of the week this 15th day was. The key is in the "count to Pentecost." Since the lunisolar calendar is a fixed to the "full" New Moon, the Holy feast days are always on the same days each year. By counting from Wave Sheaf to Pentecost we arrive on the 9th of Sivan, which is always the 1st day of the week, thus making the 15th of the month the seventh-day of the week. So for the third month in a row we have the Sabbath on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th day of the month. It is actually impossible to harmonize these detailed dates with any calendar that adheres to an unbroken continuous weekly cycle.
The reason it is possible to have "three months in a row" with the lunisolar calendar is that each month is refreshed with the "full" New Moon day which is followed by four seven day cycles. No days are lost or forgotten like some have suggested, but rather Yahuah has taken a string of successive days since the time of creation and appointed a rhythm to them. He has mathematically calculated these rhythms, in conjunction with the Sanctuary services of types and shadows, to demonstrate His plan of redemption. It is all divinely synchronized like a Swiss clock.Article Link: Three Months in a Row
Question 10:Since the lunar year falls short of the solar year by 11 days each year, wouldn't the first day of Abib commence in the winter on occasion?
Answer: This seems possible at first glance; but lunisolar time is not the same as a strictly lunar year, which does fall short continually year after year. However the Hebrew lunisolar year is brought back into harmony with the solar year on a cycle of every 19 years. While this cycle has existed from the beginning, it is known today as the Metonic cycle, named for a Greek astronomer and mathematician. Traditionally, the years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17, and 19 are embolismic years, because they each have the added 13th intercalary month in the sequence of the Metonic cycle. This cycle is said to be so accurate that it can be used to predict eclipses in addition to forming the basis of the Biblical lunisolar calendar.
Since each year commences with the "full" New Moon arising in the constellation of Virgo, either under her feet, near her hand or at her waist, might this be the great sign in the heavens that beacons each New Year. Virgo is depicted as holding barley in her left hand and a palm branch in her right. Every year she appears precisely in accordance with the Metonic cycle. This event insures that the barley will be ripe for the Feast of First Fruits on the 16th of Abib, which falls in April or first of May, but never in March.
- There are 235 lunations (lunar months) in a 19 year solar year.
- There are 365.25 days in each solar year
- A regular lunisolar year has 354.3 days.
- An embolismic 13 month year has 384.3 days.
- There are 6939 days in 19 solar years.
- are 6938.2 days in 19 lunisolar years, which is less than a day short.
Question 11:I learned in History class that the only change to the calendar since the time of Christ was made by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, when Thursday October 4, was followed by Friday, October 15. This change was only in the dates of the month, while the days of the week remained the same, and no day was lost. Then from church I was taught that the only explanation for the origin of a seven-day week is that it was an act of Yahuah at Creation. What are your thoughts on this?
Answer:The calendar was changed from the Julian to the Gregorian as you have stated in order to bring the Catholic Easter back into alignment with the vernal equinox. The calendar change you speak of refers only to the change in the Roman Julian/Gregorian calendar by the same Roman power. It is true that the order of days of the cycling week was not affected. Nor did this change the layout of the Hebrew lunisolar calendar. This change only affected the Roman calendar month layout.
There was another calendar change that declared the Hebrew lunisolar calendar to be illegal, and replaced it with the Julian/Gregorian calendar at the Council of Nicaea between A.D. 321 and 324. As a result of this complete calendar swap and cover up by the Roman Emperor, the calendation and true seventh-day Sabbath of the Creator has all but been lost sight of.
"This change from the lunisolar to a fixed solar calendar occurred in Rome during the repressive measures which were enacted against ALL Jewish customs . . . during the reign of Emperor Hadrian. With the fall of the Nazarene headquarters...at Jerusalem, this new Roman calendar quickly spread throughout 'Christendom.' This new calendar not only replaced yearly festival dates such as Passover, but it also revamped the concept of the week and its seventh day." Iranaeus 2nd Century A.D.
"In the years following Clement of Alexandria's time, an ominous change started to take place that was to radically change the Christian concept of the Sabbath." Records the Encyclopedia Biblica: "This intimate connection between the week and the month was soon dissolved. It is certain that the week soon followed a development of its own, and it became the custom -- without paying any regard to the days of the month (i.e. the lunar month) -- . . . so that the New Moon no longer coincided with the first day of the month. Then, on page 4179 of the same encyclopedia, we read: "The introduction...of the custom of celebrating the Sabbath every 7th day, irrespective of the relationship of the day to the moon's phases, led to a complete separation from the ancient view of the Sabbath. . ." The MacMillan Company, 1899. P. 5290).
So with this in mind, I have a question for you. There were two calendars in use in the time of Christ: the Roman Julian eight-day successive week calendar, and the Hebrew lunisolar calendar. Which calendar do you think the Saviour Yahushua (Jesus) used?Article Link: Stunning Historical Evidence
Question 12:The lunisolar calendar system ignores the clearest example in the Bible showing that the moon was new on the 4th day of creation and the Sabbath was three days later. This would not be allowed in the lunar calendar!
Answer:If this statement were true it would be like a man who went to the store to buy a new clock. When he gets home and pulls the clock out of the box, he would be required to leave the time set according to what ever the clock says when
it comes directly from the box. Of course this is a silly story; because we know that when a person purchases a new clock they are now the
owner of the clock. This ownership entitles them to setting or advancing the time to what ever they choose.
Each day of earth's creation fell upon a work day of the Heavenly Father. These six work days were sandwiched between His two holy days. These were the holy New Moon day and His holy seventh-day Sabbath. These holy days are always rest days, not only for His creations, but also for the Creator, himself, that He may avail Himself to receive their worship. As a result, there are never more than six days in a row in which the heavenly Father is free to create. This is in perfect harmony with Exodus 20:10.
If you use this approach that it would be impossible for the moon to reflect the eighth lunar phase on the first Sabbath, then you must also apply this same principle to everything for the sun. Since the sun would only be 4 days old the first Sabbath, does this mean it could not be the true Sabbath? Not at all. We know from Scripture that everything Yahuah created was created in its fully mature and "advanced upon" state, and not as seeds, eggs or babies. Adam and Eve were full grown adults on their first day of life. Wouldn't the Creator be consistent with all creation by advancing upon the sun, Earth's sun, moon and stars were not created, or their time set and placed in their celestial positions until the fourth day, as a testimony that "time" upon earth was designed after the pattern of, and in harmony with the heavenly throne. While heaven's time system is earth's benefactor, only those who are obedient to its principles are the beneficiaries. Revelation represents this group of people as a pure woman with the following unique qualities:
Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars. Revelation 12:1-2 NKJVIn heaven and the earth made new, the same calendar rhythm instituted at creation will be utilized. According to the following verse, will its week be based on Roman principles that cycle without end, independent of the moon, or will its week be in harmony with the sun, moon and stars, the principles that rule in the heavens?
And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship before Me," says Yahuah. Isaiah 66:23There is no getting around the importance the heavenly Father places upon His holy New Moon days and seventh-day Sabbaths. His New Moon day marks the commencement of each month, week and year. Try as one might, the Creator's true Sabbaths cannot be located any other way. Article Link: The Creator's Calendar Units of Time
Question 13:Don't you think that if the lunisolar calendar were provable from Scripture, it would be heralded from the seminary.
Answer: There is a way which seemeth right unto a man . . ." Amazingly, the lunisolar calendar and its true seventh-day Sabbath are provable from Scripture, yet it is not the style of the masses and the institutions of learning to be out of step with Rome. The lunisolar pattern for New Moons and true seven-day Sabbaths is found in Ezekiel 46:1.
Article Link: A Case for the Lunar Sabbath Rebuttal